A light demanding pioneer species with fast early growth which is both frost resistant and windfirm. and Downy Birch are widespread throughout Europe into Turkey Both birch trees produce yellow fall foliage.   New shoots on downy birch feel hairy to the touch. The beetle houses its white larvae inside the rolled-up foliage. Among the native birch found in North and Central Europe to Siberia, the downy or warty birch (also white or silver birch) is the most abundant in Central Europe. The Silver birch is the foodplant for two species of shield bug: the Birch shield bug and the Parent bug, both of which can both be found feeding on the catkins in late summer. Downy birch The second British native is downy birch, Betula pubescens. Downy birch is tolerant of wet sites, but silver birch needs good drainage. The bark of our Downy Birch starts out as a reddish brown before shining out once matured with a graceful silver-white colouring that contrasts against its dark green foliage. a wide area of the world and a wide tolerance of conditions Both have triangular leaves, slender twigs and peeling bark. Downy Birch Silver Birch Betula pendula The triangular leaves are on slen-der hairless stalks.The leaf base is atri g hn l eso k .T fruiting catkins stay on the tree until winter. are very widespread and common deciduous species in Europe (Evans 1984 ), as well as in 1976, 2003). Small-medium sized deciduous trees, to 20m. Even if the bed dries out for a couple of hours all the seeds/seedlings can die. • Downy Birch • Currently nurseries require 30kg of downy birch. that these are the preferred habitats of each species but It is very hardy and can tolerate very cold conditions, although it needs more summer warmth than downy birch. Taking birch along with other "water pills" might cause the body to lose too much water. Ecolandscapes: Landscaping with Native Irish Species, Purchasing Irish Provenance Plant Material. Unfortunately silver birch firewood isn't first class - it doesn't have the same density as the old favourites such as oak and hornbeam so a cord of birch won't go as far for heating. Cover with a light layer of sand to help hold moisture. The leaf base of silver birch is usually a right angle to the stalk, while for downy birches, it is rounded. It grows to an altitude of 760 m in Scotland. The most usual is the downy birch, which like silver birch is a delicate tree with fine branches and small leaves. Downy Birch leaves and catkins. It’s also very tolerant of inhospitable growing conditions. The catkins will dry and fall apart releasing the seeds and catkin scales. This action was taken to minimize potential exposure to the COVID 19 virus by all citizens and retard the exponential spread of the virus seen in many other countries. ssp. tortuosa (Ledeb.) needs between the two species; they can be treated equally. two species, however, this is not necessarily easy to identify Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. Store the seeds and catkin scales in a cool airy place. How people can help The Wildlife Trusts are working to restore and protect our heathlands by promoting good management, clearing encroaching scrub and implementing beneficial grazing regimes. Also known as a downy birch, this pale-barked species is similar in appearance to the silver birch, but is faster growing. glabra Regel – bog birch P: Variety Betula pumila L. var. Collect seeds from native woods. Birch is recognized by its amber to white color with broad figures of brown, and is commonly used to build cabinets, furniture, doors and panels. "The new shoots of a Silver Birch are hairless and covered in 'warts' or glands. tortuosa - Arctic White Birch Pentaploid (5n = 70). There are actually two native species, Betula pendula, commonly called silver birch, and Betula pubescens, the downy birch. and in bogs and marshes. Betula pubescens - White Birch, European White Birch or Downy Birch Betula pubescens subsp. Downy Birch and Silver Birch are difficult to identify between. Silver birch is a diploid species with 2n = 28 chromosomes in its vegetative cells, whereas downy birch is tetraploid (2n = 56) (Helms and Jørgensen, 1925). to silver bark in maturity. Silver birch tolerates the cold well and prefers a light, dry and acid soil. Birch firewood also tends to decay more quickly than, for example, sweet chestnut, because it has a much lower tanin content and a high sugar content. The site was developed by Ecological Landscape Design Consultants and Woodlands of Ireland. Silver birch is the faster growing of the two, and also the taller, reaching a height of up to 30 metres, whereas downy birch seldom exceeds 21 metres. Downy Birch - (Beith chlúmhach) The native species Betula pubescens is a tall, deciduous tree rather similar to the silver birch but with creamy-brown bark rather than white, more upright branches, and fine down on the young twigs. Learn more about Birch uses, effectiveness, possible side effects, interactions, dosage, user ratings and products that contain Birch Like silver birch, downy birch is a source of food for over 200 species of wildlife including several kinds of moth. Silver birch can easily be confused with the similar downy birch (Betula pubescens). Golden brown on twigs and young branches, the bark matures to silvery white with black clefts. (At first glance these can and have found growing as far North as the Arctic circle. Silver Birch Downy Birch Betula pendula Betula pubescens Beith gael Beith chl mhach Family: Betulaceae Flowering April-May. Leaves with slender point, sharp-toothed with regularly-spaced longer teeth. pubescens – downy birch P: Subspecies Betula pubescens Ehrh. Yet, downy birches are characterised by hairy leaves and young shoots, whereas the same parts on silver birch are hairless. in 'warts' or glands. Birch (left) are roughly triangular, have a broader base and Silver birch is a popular garden tree and often hybridises with our other native birch, the downy birch, Betula pubescens, which is more common in Scotland. Downy Birch - (Beith chlúmhach) The native species Betula pubescens is a tall, deciduous tree rather similar to the silver birch but with creamy-brown bark rather than white, more upright branches, and fine down on the young twigs. Buy Birch (Downy & Silver) seeds and plants online The two types of native British birch are commonly known as 'downy' birch and 'silver' birch. Restoration of former agricultural fields in Estonia: comparative growth of planted and naturally regenerated birch. Downy birch represents about 12% of the total volume of the growing stock in Finland (Niemistö and Korhonen 2008). However, birch seedlings grow rapidly when they are given ideal growing conditions. Bark. Downy birch is a pioneer tree.   Silver birch (Betula pendula) and the two easily hybridise. Betula pendula, commonly known as silver birch or warty birch, is a species of tree in the family Betulaceae, native to Europe and parts of Asia. Unfortunately silver birch firewood isn't first class - it doesn't have the same density as the old favourites such as oak and hornbeam so a cord of birch won't go as far for heating. On March 25, 2020, Gov. The bark is waterproof and resistant to fungal attack. Silver birch (Betula pendula Roth) and downy birch (Betula pubescens Ehrh.) Betula papyrifera - Paper Birch, Canoe Birch or American White Birch (sometimes tetraploid or pentaploid) [edit] Subgenus Chamaebetula - Dwarf birches Downy birch is tolerant of wet sites, but silver birch needs good drainage. No need to register, buy now! White Birch or Weeping Birch). Silver Birch Logs. Hardy to USDA Zone 4 The Whitespire Story: It was selected and introduced, in 1983, by Edward R. Hasselkus, University of Wisconsin-Madison and named Betula platyphylla var. between the two main Birch species found in Europe so that Birch seems to work like "water pills" by causing the body to lose water. It is essential to keep the seed bed moist throughout the germination period and for two weeks after germination. Fly agaric mushrooms under a birch tree Leaves The downy… It is a relatively short lived species and mature trees often die after a severe drought (e.g. Considered to be more resistant to borers than the European white birch, and one o Use of Text or Images contained within this website is strictly prohibited without the express permission of Harry Harrington. Tap root is formed on dry places (e. g. sandy dunes). Hybrids between silver and downy birch are considered rare (Jonsell, 2000) due to a biochemical incompatibility mechanism between these two species (Hagman, 1971). The two main native British species are Betula pendula (Silver Birch or European white birch) and B. pubescens (Downy Birch or White birch). The birch tree includes nine different species such as yellow, white and sweet birch, but most birch products used domestically are referred to as simply birch hardwood or birch plywood. After predicting that Zynga would release the Downy Birch Tree in FarmVille this evening, we've been lucky enough to be proven right, as tonight's FarmVille update brought with it not Roll the seed bed because the seed is very sensitive to seedbed surface conditions. ©Harry Harrington 2019. The growth potential of downy birch (Betula pubescens (Ehrh.)) 38 m (silver birch: 25 m, downy birch: 28 m). The only other species of birch found in Scotland is Betula pubescens, or Downy Birch, a very similar and closely related tree. Downy (B. pubescens) and Silver Birch (B. pendula) have white (At first glance these can and have been misidentified as insects or insect damage by some enthusiasts). Silver birch has hairless and warty shoots whereas downy birch shoots are covered in small, downy hairs. Betula kenaica - Kenai Birch Hexaploid (6n = 84). The birch leaf roller, which is black and has spotted wings, does not cause heavy damage to the tree. Sun, will grow on poor soil, both wet and dry. It must be a very thin layer as the seed is light sensitive and will not germinate if the layer of sand is too thick. Its bark remains smooth right down to the base making it very popular for it’s unique looks. However, despite their dominance over such Downy Birch Whereas the shoot of a Downy Birch does not have these warts but is covered in minute hairs." The two principle species seen are Betula pubescens/Downy Birch (sometimes known heritage.jpg However, Downy beech is a deciduous tree with a single trunk up to 25 m in height. Species Betula pubescens Ehrh. Downy or Silver Birch - Betula pendula Roth Family. near the base), Downy Birch has a more grey, smoother bark 2010). The seeds and catkin scales should be sown thinly over the seed bed or seed tray. way of identifying a birch is to study the youngest shoots summers. a pointed tip, and more sharply-serrated margins. in both species, there are subtle differences in the ideal growing conditions for each species. or new growth, particularly during the growing season. The root system of the silver birch varies according to soil conditions. Birch Height – 28 m, Max. Birch woods occur widely, especially on marginal soils, lake edges, such as Lough Ennell Co. Westmeath, fens and on dried out bogs such as Ardkill Bog, Co. Kildare. Its dark leaves during the summer turn a scorching golden-yellow in autumn. Its roots demonstrate a symbiotic relationship with a special fungi (Mycorrhiza) that helps to provide food for the tree. – downy birch P: Subspecies Betula pubescens Ehrh. When mature these trees can reach 30m in height. article is intended to help the bonsai enthusiast distinguish trees are a common sight throughout Europe. Silver birch grows in woods and on heathland. Retro-bee.jpg, Woodlands of Ireland is funded by the Forest Service (Department of Agriculture, Food and the Marine), National Parks and Wildlife Service (Department of Culture, Heritage and the Gaeltacht) and the Heritage Council when a birch is studied in isolation. warts but is covered in minute hairs. Birch can be raised from seed although silver birch is harder to germinate than downy birch. forest-service.jpg Silver Birch: Slender tree, drooping twigs. It’s also very tolerant of inhospitable growing conditions. The springtime flowers are catkins which stay on the tree and contain the mature seed by autumn. southern climates. ryan-hanley.jpg. The Downy Birch prefers cooler northern Minnesota, Extension) consider it "highly susceptible" to the bronze birch borer. Many of the birch trees that we see in the countryside in Britain and Ireland are not true Silver Birches but hybrids between Betula pendula and the Downy Birch … It grows in woods, bogs and swamps which are wetter and colder than the habitats of silver birch. and downy birch ( B. pubescens Ehrh.) As pioneer species, they are short-lived, with typical lifespans being between 60 and 90 years old, although some individuals can live up to 150 years. pointed tips. A narrow, conical tree with more upright, ascending branches than the pendulous Silver Birch. The Silver Birch Logs. ssp. White bark with dark ridges and cracks. The grey-white bark has horizontal lines and peels into papery layers. Downy birch. Note Birch family (Betulaceae) Common name. There are two types of birch in Ireland, downy and silver. Do not choose birch trees in gardens, parks, or planted roadsides as these are probably imported stock. It is so-called for the hairy stalks from which its leaves grow; the Silver Birch is hairless. Tolerant of a range of temperatures, it grows as far south as Spain and as far north as Lapland. Birch is POSSIBLY SAFE for most adults when taken by mouth or applied to the skin for short periods of time.. Special Precautions & Warnings: Pregnancy and breast-feeding: There is not enough reliable information about the safety of taking birch if you are pregnant or breast-feeding. • Silver Birch • Currently nurseries require 10 kg of silver birch Species composition of the broadleaf forest area (25.8 % of total forest area), deducted from the National Forest Inventory (NFI) NFI Results (2012 NFI report) Attractive buff-colored peeling bark is a wonderful backdrop for yellow fall color. Listed as having "some borer resistance" in the Sunset Western Garden Book, but other authorities (e.g., Univ. In early times toghers or walkways, usually across bog land were made from birch. Twigs with whitish raised glands, twigs and leaves not downy. they can correctly identify their own trees and bonsai. Birch will grow in poor soils, but likes a sunny position. Tolerant of a range of temperatures, it grows as far south as Spain and as far north as Lapland. Silver birch belongs to the genus Betula and is a member of the birch family (Betulaceae).. Silver birch (Betula pendula) is a deciduous tree growing up to 30m and flowering April to May.Lifespan: Rarely lives beyond 100 years. Silver birch's male catkin flower clusters usually occur in clusters of two, whereas in the white birch they occur singly. It thrives in dry woodlands, downs and heaths. It grows as single-trunk tree that gradually transforms from pyramidal in shape to a more rounded, oval crown. 14-20m. Both species An impressive specimen often grown as a clump of several trunks. The second British native is downy birch, Betula pubescens. 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On the tree - Arctic white birch, but likes a sunny position lines and peels papery..., … a narrow, conical tree with a light, dry and acid soil ’ also... Birch varies according to soil conditions unique looks in height faster draining soils and summers... Hexaploid ( 6n = 84 ), bogs and swamps which are wetter colder... Early times toghers or walkways, usually across bog land were made birch. Poor soils, but likes a sunny position waterproof and resistant to fungal attack, but silver birch an. Pubescens ( Ehrh. ) Flowering April-May more upright, ascending branches than the silver! Ca concentrations ranging from 5.5 to 17.3 mg g −1 enthusiasts ) kenaica - Kenai Hexaploid! Base making it very popular for it ’ s unique looks Flowering April-May small, downy and.... Of Ireland for the hairy stalks from which its leaves grow ; the silver birch tend favour! Variety Betula pumila L. var hairs. and roll without the express permission of Harrington. Are hairy and smooth, not doubly serrate like silver birch can easily be confused with the similar downy does... Faster growing, as it does not necessarily make accurate identification easier a right to... Birch will grow in poor soils, the downy birch and silver slender,!, the bark of downy birch... - Bonsai4Me silver birch are difficult to identify between more rounded, foliage! This project was funded equally by Woodlands of Ireland point, sharp-toothed regularly-spaced. To lose water dunes ) its bark remains smooth right down to the.! Birch: 25 m, downy birch feel hairy to the silver birch ( pendula! Cleared ) land birch downy birch vs silver birch roller, which like silver birch 's male catkin flower usually!